Governance

Scroll Down

Governance

TAN SRI DATO' (DR) FRANCIS YEOH SOCK PING

Malaysian, male, aged 64, was appointed to the Board on 6 April 1984 as an Executive Director and has been the Managing Director of the Company since April 1988 till 29 June 2018 when he was redesignated as Executive Chairman. Tan Sri Francis studied at Kingston University in the United Kingdom, where he obtained a Bachelor of Science (Hons) Degree in Civil Engineering and was conferred an Honorary Doctorate of Engineering in 2004. In July 2014, Tan Sri Francis was conferred an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws from University of Nottingham. He became the Managing Director of YTL Corporation Berhad Group in 1988 which, under his stewardship, has grown from a single listed company into a global integrated infrastructure developer, encompassing multiple listed entities ie. YTL Corporation Berhad, YTL Power International Berhad, YTL Land & Development Berhad, YTL Hospitality REIT and Starhill Global REIT.

He was the Managing Director of YTL Power International Berhad and YTL Land & Development Berhad which are listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad until 29 June 2018 when he was redesignated as Executive Chairman of these companies. He is the Executive Chairman and Managing Director of YTL e-Solutions Berhad. He is also the Executive Chairman of YTL Starhill Global REIT Management Limited, the manager of Starhill Global REIT, a vehicle listed on the Main Board of the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (SGX-ST). Tan Sri Francis is the Executive Chairman of YTL Cement Berhad and director of YTL Industries Berhad. He is the Chairman of private utilities corporations, Wessex Water Services Limited in England and Wales, and YTL PowerSeraya Pte Limited in Singapore. Tan Sri Francis is also an Independent Non-Executive Director of The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, and is a director and Chief Executive Officer of Pintar Projek Sdn Bhd, the manager of YTL Hospitality REIT. He also sits on the board of trustees of YTL Foundation. He also serves on the board of directors of Suu Foundation, a humanitarian organisation committed to improving healthcare and education in Myanmar.

He is a Founder Member of the Malaysian Business Council and The Capital Markets Advisory Council, member of The Nature Conservancy Asia Pacific Council, and the Asia Business Council, Trustee of the Asia Society and Chairman for South East Asia of the International Friends of the Louvre. He is also a member of the Advisory Council of London Business School, Wharton School and INSEAD. He is the first non-Italian board member of the historic Rome Opera House and helped fund its restoration to keep it from closing. He served as a member of the Barclays Asia-Pacific Advisory Committee from 2005 to 2012. Tan Sri Francis was made a board member of Global Child Forum by His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf in May 2016.

He was ranked by both Fortune and Businessweek magazines as Asia's 25 Most Powerful and Influential Business Personalities and one of Asia's Top Executives by Asiamoney. He won the inaugural Ernst & Young's Master Entrepreneur in Malaysia in 2002 and was named as Malaysia's CEO of the Year by CNBC Asia Pacific in 2005.

In 2006, he was awarded the Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and received a prestigious professional accolade when made a Fellow of the Institute of Civil Engineers in London in 2008. He was the Primus Inter Pares Honouree of the 2010 Oslo Business for Peace Award, for his advocacy of socially responsible business ethics and practices. The Award was conferred by a panel of Nobel Laureates in Oslo, home of the Nobel Peace Prize. He also received the Corporate Social Responsibility Award at CNBC's 9th Asia Business Leaders Awards 2010. He received the Lifetime Achievement Award for Leadership in Regulated Industries at the 7th World Chinese Economic Summit held in London in 2015. He was also awarded the prestigious Muhammad Ali Celebrity Fight Night Award at the 2016 Celebrity Fight Night in Arizona. In 2017, he was honoured with the Kuala Lumpur Mayor's Award for Outstanding Contribution at the Kuala Lumpur Mayor Tourism Awards. This was in recognition of his efforts in the transformation of Kuala Lumpur into one of the top shopping and tourist destinations in the world. He was named CEO of the Year at the Asian Power Awards in 2017. The Japanese Government bestowed upon him the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette, in 2018.

 

DATO' YEOH SEOK KIAN

Malaysian, male, aged 61, was appointed to the Board on 24 June 1984 as an Executive Director. He has been the Deputy Managing Director of the Company till 29 June 2018 when he was redesignated as Managing Director of the Company. He graduated from Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom in 1981 with a Bachelor of Science (Hons) Degree in Building and was conferred an Honorary Degree of Doctor of the University in 2017. He attended the Advance Management Programme conducted by Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania in 1984. Dato' Yeoh is a Fellow of the Faculty of Building, United Kingdom as well as a Member of the Chartered Institute of Building (UK). He served as Deputy Managing Director of YTL Power International Berhad and Executive Director of YTL Land & Development Berhad, both listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad until 29 June 2018 when he was redesignated as Managing Director of YTL Land & Development Berhad and Executive Director of YTL Power International Berhad. Dato' Yeoh also sits on the boards of other public companies such as YTL Cement Berhad, YTL Industries Berhad and The Kuala Lumpur Performing Arts Centre, and private utilities corporations, Wessex Water Limited in England and Wales, YTL PowerSeraya Pte Limited in Singapore, as well as YTL Starhill Global REIT Management Limited, the manager of Starhill Global REIT, a vehicle listed on the Main Board of the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (SGX-ST). He is also an Executive Director of Pintar Projek Sdn Bhd, the manager of YTL Hospitality REIT.

 

DATO' CHEONG KEAP TAI

Malaysian, male, aged 70, was appointed to the Board on 30 September 2004 as an Independent Non-Executive Director. He is also a member of the Audit Committee and Nominating Committee. Dato' Cheong graduated from the University of Singapore with a Bachelor of Accountancy. He is a Chartered Accountant of Malaysian Institute of Accountants, a member of the Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants, member of Malaysian Institute of Taxation and member of the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators. Dato' Cheong is also a Licensed Tax Agent and a Licensed Goods & Service Tax Agent. Dato' Cheong was the Executive Director and Partner of Coopers & Lybrand and upon its merger with Price Waterhouse was the Executive Director, Partner and Chairman of the Governance Board of PricewaterhouseCoopers until his retirement in December 2003. He is currently also a director of YTL Land & Development Berhad, YTL e-Solutions Berhad, Gromutual Berhad, Tanah Makmur Berhad and several private limited companies.

 

DATO' YEOH SOO MIN

Malaysian, female, aged 62, has been on the Board as an Executive Director since 24 June 1984. She graduated with a Bachelor of Art (Hons) Degree in Accounting. She did her Articleship at Leigh Carr and Partners, London and gained vast experience in accounting and management. She was responsible for the setting up of the Travel and Accounting Division of the YTL Group in December 1990. Dato' Yeoh Soo Min is currently responsible for the accounting and finance systems for the YTL Group. She is an Associate Fellow member of the Malaysian Institute of Management, Life Member of the Women's Institute of Management, Malaysia, and member of the Advisory Council for Action Learning, Asia School of Business. She is currently Honorary Fellow of the Governors of International Students House, London, and Sir Thomas Pope, Trinity College, University of Oxford, UK, and member of the Vice-Chancellor's Circle of University of Oxford, UK. She is also a Trustee of Yayasan Tuanku Fauziah and IJN Foundation. She also holds directorships in YTL Power International Berhad, a company listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad and YTL Industries Berhad.

 

DATO' YEOH SEOK HONG

Malaysian, male, aged 59, was appointed to the Board on 19 June 1985 as an Executive Director. He obtained his Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Civil & Structural Engineering Degree from the University of Bradford, United Kingdom in 1982. He is a member of the Faculty of Building, United Kingdom. In 2010, he was conferred an Honorary Doctor of Science degree by Aston University in the United Kingdom. Dato' Yeoh Seok Hong has vast experience in the construction industry, being the Executive Director responsible for the YTL Group construction division. He was the project director responsible for the development and the construction of the two Independent Power Producer power stations owned by YTL Power Generation Sdn Bhd. His other achievements include the construction of the Express Rail Link between the Kuala Lumpur International Airport and the Kuala Lumpur Sentral Station. He is also responsible for developing the power and utility businesses of the YTL Power International Berhad Group and the building of the fourth generation (4G) Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) network by YTL Communications Sdn Bhd. He serves as Managing Director of YTL Power International Berhad and Executive Director of YTL Land & Development Berhad, both listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad. Dato' Yeoh Seok Hong also sits on the boards of other public companies such as YTL Cement Berhad and YTL Industries Berhad, and private utilities corporations, Wessex Water Limited and Wessex Water Services Limited in England and Wales and YTL PowerSeraya Pte Limited in Singapore. He also sits on the board of trustees of YTL Foundation.

 

DATO' SRI MICHAEL YEOH SOCK SIONG

Malaysian, male, aged 58, was appointed to the Board on 19 June 1985 as an Executive Director. He graduated from University of Bradford, United Kingdom in 1983 with a Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Civil & Structural Engineering Degree. Dato' Sri Michael Yeoh is primarily responsible for the YTL Group Manufacturing Division which activities involve cement manufacturing and other building material industries. He serves as an Executive Director of YTL Power International Berhad and YTL Land & Development Berhad, both listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad and Managing Director of YTL Cement Berhad. He also sits on the boards of other public companies such as YTL e-Solutions Berhad, YTL Cement Berhad, YTL Industries Berhad, and a private utilities corporation, YTL PowerSeraya Pte Limited in Singapore.

 

DATO' YEOH SOO KENG

Malaysian, female, aged 55, was appointed to the Board on 16 May 1996 as an Executive Director. She graduated with a Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Civil Engineering from Leeds University, United Kingdom in 1985. She started her career as the project director for the construction of the British High Commissioner's residence, Kuala Lumpur; the Design & Build of the National Art Gallery in Kuala Lumpur and the Selangor Medical Centre in Shah Alam. She was also in charge of a few turnkey projects such as the construction and completion of Yeoh Tiong Lay Plaza, Pahang Cement plant in Pahang and Slag Cement plants in Selangor and Johor. She heads the sales and marketing of the mobile internet of YTL Communications Sdn Bhd. She is also the purchasing director responsible for bulk purchases of building materials and related items for the construction, hotels and resorts, and property development divisions of the YTL Group. She is instrumental in the sales and marketing of cement and related products for YTL Cement Berhad and Perak-Hanjoong Simen Sdn Bhd. She was the Chairman of Cement and Concrete Association from year 2013 to 2015. She is also a director of YTL Power International Berhad, a company listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad, YTL e-Solutions Berhad and YTL Cement Berhad. She is actively engaged in community work and is currently President of the Federal Territory Kuala Lumpur Branch of the Girl Guides Association Malaysia, and member of the board of the World Scout Foundation.

 

DATO' MARK YEOH SEOK KAH

Malaysian, male, aged 53, was appointed to the Board on 22 June 1995 as an Executive Director. He graduated from King's College, University of London, with an LLB (Hons) and was subsequently called to the Bar at Gray's Inn, London in 1988. He was awarded Fellowship of King's College London in July 2014.

Dato' Mark Yeoh joined YTL Group in 1989 and is presently the Executive Director responsible for the YTL Hotels and Resorts Division. In addition, he is also part of YTL Power's Mergers & Acquisitions Team and was involved in the acquisition of ElectraNet SA (Australia), Wessex Water Limited (UK), P.T. Jawa Power (Indonesia) and PowerSeraya Limited (Singapore). He serves as an Executive Director of YTL Power International Berhad and YTL Land & Development Berhad, both listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad. He is also a board member of YTL Cement Berhad and private utilities corporations, Wessex Water Limited and Wessex Water Services Limited in England and Wales, and YTL PowerSeraya Pte Limited in Singapore. He is also an Executive Director of Pintar Projek Sdn Bhd, the manager of YTL Hospitality REIT.

 

DATO' AHMAD FUAAD BIN MOHD DAHALAN

Malaysian, male, aged 68, was appointed to the Board on 26 November 2015 as an Independent Non-Executive Director. He is also a member of the Audit Committee. Dato' Ahmad Fuaad holds a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) degree from the University of Malaya. He was attached with Wisma Putra, Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Malaysian Civil Service ("MCS") Officer in April 1973 before joining Malaysia Airlines in July 1973. While in Malaysia Airlines, Dato' Ahmad Fuaad served various posts and his last position was as the Managing Director. He was formerly a director of Lembaga Penggalakan Pelanchongan Malaysia, Malaysia Industry-Government Group for High Technology and Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad. Currently, Dato' Ahmad Fuaad is a director of YTL e-Solutions Berhad, Hong Leong Capital Berhad and Pintar Projek Sdn Bhd, the manager of YTL Hospitality REIT.

 

EU PENG MENG @ LESLIE EU

Malaysian, male, aged 83, was appointed to the Board on 31 March 2003 as an Independent Non-Executive Director. He is also the Chairman of the Audit Committee and a member of Nominating Committee. Mr Leslie Eu graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Commerce from the University College Dublin, Ireland in 1959. He was nominated by Bank Negara Malaysia to be one of the founding directors of Global Maritime Ventures Berhad to undertake the expansion and direct investment in the maritime industry in 1994. He has been in the shipping business for over 50 years and was the first Chief Executive Officer of Malaysian International Shipping Corporation Berhad from the company's inception in 1969 until his early retirement in 1985. Mr Leslie Eu was a board member of Lembaga Pelabuhan Kelang from 1970 to 1999 and is a Member Emeritus of the American Bureau of Shipping. He was appointed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development as one of 13 experts to assist developing nations in establishing their maritime fleets. Mr Leslie Eu presently serves on the boards of YTL Land & Development Berhad, a company listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securites Berhad and YTL Cement Berhad. He is also a director of Pintar Projek Sdn Bhd, the manager of YTL Hospitality REIT.

 

SYED ABDULLAH BIN SYED ABD. KADIR

Malaysian, male, aged 64, was appointed to the Board on 20 October 1999 as an Executive Director. He graduated from the University of Birmingham in 1977 with a Bachelor of Science (Engineering Production) and a Bachelor of Commerce (Economics) Double Degree. He has extensive experience in banking and financial services, having been with Bumiputra Merchant Bankers Berhad from 1984 to 1994, holding the position of general manager immediately prior to his departure from the bank. Prior to joining YTL Corporation Berhad Group, he was, from November 1994 to February 1996, the general manager of Amanah Capital Partners Berhad (now known as MIDF Amanah Capital Berhad), a company which has interests in, inter alia, discount, money broking, unit trusts, finance and fund management operations. He currently also serves on the boards of YTL Power International Berhad which is listed on the Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad and YTL e-Solutions Berhad.

 

FAIZ BIN ISHAK

Malaysian, male, aged 60, was appointed to the Board on 1 December 2011 as an Independent Non-Executive Director. He is also the Chairman of the Nominating Committee. He graduated from the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) in the United Kingdom in 1982. He was admitted as associateship and fellowship of the association in 1993 and 1998 respectively.

He served in various posts in The New Straits Times Press (M) Berhad since 1982 and was appointed as the Managing Director in 1999 till 2003. He joined Commerce Assurance Berhad (a licensed general insurance underwriter, now part of Allianz General Insurance Berhad) as Executive Director in 2003 and assumed the role of Chief Executive Officer from 2006 to 2007. Encik Faiz is presently a business entreprenuer in retail food and beverage. He also serves on the board of YTL Power International Berhad which is listed on the Main Market of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad.

 

DETAILS OF ATTENDANCE OF DIRECTORS AT BOARD MEETINGS

During the financial year, a total of 5 Board meetings were held and the details of attendance are as follows:-

  Attendance
Tan Sri Dato' (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping 5
Dato' Yeoh Seok Kian 4
Dato' Cheong Keap Tai 5
Dato' Yeoh Soo Min 5
Dato' Yeoh Seok Hong 4
Dato' Sri Michael Yeoh Sock Siong 4
Dato' Yeoh Soo Keng 5
Dato' Mark Yeoh Seok Kah 4
Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan 5
Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu 3
Syed Abdullah Bin Syed Abd. Kadir 5
Faiz Bin Ishak 5

Notes:

1.   Family Relationship with Director and/or Major Shareholder

The late Tan Sri Dato' Seri (Dr) Yeoh Tiong Lay who is a deemed major shareholder of the Company, is the father of Tan Sri Dato' (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping, Dato' Yeoh Seok Kian, Dato' Yeoh Soo Min, Dato' Yeoh Seok Hong, Dato' Sri Michael Yeoh Sock Siong, Dato' Yeoh Soo Keng and Dato' Mark Yeoh Seok Kah. Save as disclosed herein, none of the Directorshas any family relationship with any director and/or major shareholder of the Company.

2.   Conflict of Interest

None of the Directors has any conflict of interest with the Company.

3.   Conviction of Offences (other than traffic offences)

None of the Directors has been convicted of any offences within the past five (5) years.

4.   Public Sanction or Penalty imposed

None of the Directors has been imposed with any public sanction or penalty by the relevant regulatory bodies during the financial year.

1. PURPOSE
  The Board Charter sets out the role, composition and responsibilities of the Board of Directors of YTL Corporation Berhad (the "Company"/"YTL Corp") (the "Board").
   
2. AUTHORITY
  2.1 The conduct of the Board is governed by the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company, and the laws, rules and regulations governing companies in Malaysia.
   
  2.2 Save for specific corporate decisions that require approval of regulatory authorities or shareholders as stipulated in the Articles of Association of the Company, Companies Act, 1965, Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad ("Bursa Securities") Main Market Listing Requirements ("Main LR") and other applicable rules and laws, the Board shall have full authority to make all decisions.
   
  2.3 The Board shall also have the power to delegate specific functions and authority to its Committees, individual Directors, or the Management.
   
3. PRINCIPAL ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITES OF THE BOARD
  3.1 he Directors recognize the key role they play in charting the strategic direction, development and control of the YTL Corp Group (the "Group"). Key elements of the Board's stewardship responsibilities include the following:-
 
    (a) Setting the vision, mission, goals and strategic plans for the Group with a view to maximizing shareholder value and ensuring sustainability of the Group performance;
    (b) Overseeing the conduct of the Group's business operations and financial performance;
    (c) Identifying principal risks affecting the Group's businesses and maintaining a sound system of internal control and mitigation measures;
    (d) Succession planning;
    (e) Overseeing the development and implementation of a shareholder/stakeholder communications policies; and
    (f) Reviewing the adequacy and integrity of the Group's management information and internal control systems.
   
  3.2 Code of Ethics
    The Directors observe and adhere to the Code of Ethics for Company Directors established by the Companies Commission of Malaysia, which encompasses the formulation of corporate accountability standards in order to establish an ethical corporate environment.
     
  3.3 Conflicts of Interests
    The Directors are fully apprised of the need to determine and disclose potential or actual conflicts of interest which may arise in relation to transactions or matters which come before the Board. In accordance with applicable laws and regulations, the Directors formally disclose any direct or indirect interests or conflicts of interests in such transactions or matters as and when they arise and abstain from deliberations and voting at Board meetings as required.
   
4. MATTERS RESERVED FOR THE BOARD
  In the discharge of their responsibilities, the Directors have established functions which are reserved for the Board and those which are delegated to Management. Key matters reserved for the Board's approval include overall strategic direction, business expansion and restructuring plans, material acquisitions and disposals, expenditure over certain limits, issuance of new securities and capital alteration plans.
   
5. COMPOSITION AND BOARD BALANCE
  5.1 The Company is led and managed by an experienced Board with a wide and varied range of expertise to address and manage the complexity and scale of the Group's operations. This broad spectrum of skills and experience ensures the Group is under the guidance of an accountable and competent Board. The Articles of Association of the Company provides for a minimum of 3 Directors and a maximum of 20 Directors.
   
  5.2 At any one time, at least 2 or 1/3, whichever is higher, of the Board members are Independent Directors.
   
  5.3 Executive Directors have a direct responsibility for business operations whereas Non-Executive Directors have the necessary skill and experience to bring an independent judgment to bear on issues of strategy, performance and resources brought before the Board. The Executive Directors are collectively accountable for the running and management of the Group's operations and for ensuring that strategies are fully discussed and examined, and take account of the long-term interests of shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers and the many communities in which the Group conducts its business.
   
  5.4 The Independent Directors provide independent judgment, experience and objectivity without being subordinated to operational considerations. They help to ensure that the interests of all shareholders, and not only the interests of a particular fraction or group, are taken into account by the Board and that the relevant issues are subjected to objective and impartial consideration by the Board.
   
6. CHAIRMAN, MANAGING DIRECTOR AND DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR
  6.1 There is a balance of power and authority between the Executive Chairman and Managing Director with a clear division of responsibility between the running of the Board and the Company's business respectively. The positions of Executive Chairman and Managing Director are separated and clearly defined and are held by separate members of the Board.
   
  6.2 Role of the Chairman
    The Chairman is responsible for leadership of the Board in ensuring the effectiveness of all aspects of its role. The Chairman is primarily responsible for:-
 
    (a) leading the Board in setting the values and standards of the Company;
    (b) orderly and effective conduct of the meetings of the Board and shareholders;
    (c) maintaining a relationship of trust with and between the Executive and Non-Executive Directors;
    (d) ensuring the provision of accurate, timely and clear information to Directors;
    (e) facilitating the effective contribution of Non-Executive Directors and ensuring constructive relations be maintained between Executive and Non-Executive Directors.
   
  6.3 Role of the Managing Director ("MD")
    All Board authorities conferred on the Management is delegated through the MD and this will be considered as the MD's authority and accountability as far as the Board is concerned. The MD is responsible for, amongst others:-
 
    (a) Overseeing the day-to-day running of the business, implementation of Board policies and strategies, and making of operational decisions;
    (b) Serves as the conduit between the Board and the Management in ensuring the success of the Company's governance and management functions;
    (c) Ensuring effective communication with shareholders and relevant stakeholders;
    (d) Providing strong leadership i.e. effectively communicating a vision, management philosophy and business strategy to employees;
    (e) Keeping the Board informed of salient aspects and issues concerning the Group's operations.
   
  6.4 Role of the Deputy Managing Director ("Deputy MD")
  The Deputy MD assists the MD in the following, amongst others:-
 
    (a) Effective management of the Group's day-to-day operations;
    (b) Assisting the MD in developing the business direction and strategies of the Group;
    (c) Ensuring the Group's business strategies and policies are effectively executed;
    (d) Keeping the Board informed of salient aspects and issues concerning the Group's operations.
 
7. BOARD COMMITTEES
  7.1 The Board appoints the following Board Committees with specific Terms of Reference:-
  • Audit Committee
  • Nominating Committee
  Independent Non-Executive Directors play a leading role in these committees. Details of the membership and summary of the terms of reference of each committee appointed by the Board are published in the Company's annual report and/or website.
   
  7.2 Each year, the Board, through its Nominating Committee, will review the effectiveness of the Board and Board Committees as well as the contribution by each individual Director and Board Committee. The Nominating Committee will also facilitate and determine the board induction and continuing education programmes to be provided for the Board in areas that would best strengthen their contributions to the Board.
 
8. DIRECTORS' TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
  In addition to the Mandatory Accreditation Programme required by Bursa Securities for newly appointed Directors, Board members are encouraged to attend to briefings, conferences, seminar programmes and speaking engagements which the Nominating Committee or the Board members have collectively or individually considered as useful in discharging the Board's stewardship responsibilities.
 
9. BOARD MEETINGS AND SUPPLY OF INFORMATION
  9.1 The Board meets at least once every quarter to facilitate the discharge of their responsibilities. Members of Management who are not Directors may be invited to attend and speak at meetings on matters relating to their sphere of responsibility.
   
  9.2 Any Director may participate at a Board meeting or Committee Meeting by way of teleconferencing or by means of other communication equipment in which event such Director shall be deemed to be physically present and taken into account in ascertaining the presence of a quorum at the meeting.
   
  9.3 Management is responsible for providing the Board with the required information in an appropriate and timely manner.
   
  9.4 A full agenda and Board papers are circulated to all Directors well in advance of each Board meeting. The Board papers include, amongst others, the financial results, minutes of previous meeting, Directors' circular resolutions passed, summary of securities dealings by Directors, Directors' general notices of disclosure of interests in contracts, property, offices etc.
   
  9.5 Urgent matters that cannot wait until the next Board meeting may be dealt with by way of circulation of a Board resolution in writing.

 
10.  ACCESS TO INDEPENDENT PROFESSIONAL ADVICE
  Where necessary and prudent, Directors may seek independent professional advice with the Chairman's prior consent, which will not be unreasonably withheld, as they individually or collectively consider necessary to fulfil their responsibilities and permit independent judgment in decision making, at the expense of the Company.
 
11.  FINANCIAL REPORTING
  11.1 Transparency
 
    (a) The Company aims to present a clear and balanced assessment of the Company's financial position and future prospects that extends to the interim and price-sensitive information and other relevant reports submitted to regulators.
    (b) The Board ensures that the financial statements are prepared so as to give a true and fair view of the current financial status of the Company in accordance with the approved accounting standards. The Board is assisted by the Audit Committee in overseeing the Group's financial reporting processes and quality of its financial reporting.
 
  11.2 External Auditors
 
    (a) The Board has transparent arrangements for considering how financial reporting and internal control principles will be applied and for maintaining an appropriate relationship with the external auditors through its Audit Committee.
    (b) The Audit Committee also keeps under review the scope and results of the audit and its cost effectiveness as well as the independence and objectivity of the external auditors. The Company ensures that the external auditors do not supply a substantial volume of non-audit services to the Company.
    (c) Appointment of the external auditors is subject to approval of shareholders at general meetings. The external auditors have to retire during the Annual General Meeting of the Company every year and be re-appointed by shareholders for the ensuring year.
   
  11.3 Internal Controls and Risk Management
 
    (a) The Company has an internal audit function which critically reviews all aspects of the Company's activities and its internal controls. Comprehensive audits of the practices, procedures, expenditure and internal controls of all business units and subsidiaries are undertaken on a regular basis. The Head of Internal Audit has direct access to the Board through the Chairman of the Audit Committee.
    (b) The Board ensures the system of internal controls is reviewed on a regular basis.
    (c) The Audit Committee receives reports regarding the outcome of such reviews on a regular basis.
 
12.  ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING ("AGM")
  12.1 The Company regards the AGM as an important event in the corporate calendar of which all Directors should attend.
   
  12.2 The Company regards the AGM as the principal forum for dialogue with shareholders and aims to ensure that the AGM provides an important opportunity for effective communication with, and constructive feedback from, the Company's shareholders.
   
  12.3 The Chairman encourages active participation by the shareholders during the AGM.
   
  12.4 The Chairman and where appropriate, the Managing Director, respond to shareholders' queries during the AGM.
 
13.  INVESTOR RELATIONS AND SHAREHOLDER COMMUNICATION
  13.1 The Board acknowledges the need for shareholders to be informed of all material business matters affecting the Company and as such adopts an open and transparent policy in respect of its relationship with its shareholders and investors.
   
  13.2 The Company communicates information to shareholders and the investing community through announcements that are released to Bursa Securities. Such announcements include the quarterly financial results, material transactions and other developments relating to the Group requiring disclosure under the Main LR.
   
  13.3 In addition to the published annual report sent to all shareholders and the quarterly financial results announced to Bursa Securities, shareholders and investors can access information pertaining to the Company and its activities from the Company's website.
   
  13.4 While the Company endeavours to provide as much information as possible to its shareholders and stakeholders, it is mindful of the legal and regulatory framework governing the release of material and price-sensitive information.
 
14.  RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER STAKEHOLDERS
  In the course of pursuing the vision and mission of the Company, the Board recognizes that no company can exist by maximizing shareholders value alone. In this regard, the needs and interests of other stakeholders are also taken into consideration.
  14.1 Employees
 
    (a) The Board acknowledges that the employees are invaluable assets of the Company and play a vital role in achieving the vision and mission of the Company.
    (b) The Company adopts documented policies and procedures with respect to occupational safety and health with the objective of providing a safe and healthy working environment for all employees.
   
  14.2 Environment
  In acknowledging the need to safeguard and minimize the impact to the environment in the course of achieving the Company's vision and mission, the Company adopts policies that help protect the environment and contribute towards sustainable development as well as supports initiatives on environmental issues.
   
  14.3 Corporate Responsibility
 
    (a) The Board acknowledges that the Company should play a vital role in contributing towards the welfare of the community in which it operates.
    (b) The Company adopts policies and procedures that contribute towards responsible marketing and advertising of its products and services.
    (c) The Company supports charitable causes and initiatives on community development projects.
 
15.  COMPANY SECRETARY
  15.1 The Board appoints the Company Secretary, who plays an important advisory role, and ensures that the Company Secretary fulfills the functions for which he/she has been appointed.
   
  15.2 The Company Secretary is accountable to the Board through the Chairman of the Board and Committees on all governance matters
   
  15.3 The Company Secretary is a central source of information and advice to the Board and its Committees on issues relating to compliance with laws, rules, procedures and regulations affecting the Company.
   
  15.4 The Company Secretary should advise Directors of their obligations to adhere to matters relating to:-
  (a) disclosure of interests in securities.
  (b) disclosure of any conflict of interest in a transaction involving the Company.
  (c) prohibition of dealing in securities.
  (d) restrictions on disclosure of price-sensitive information.
   
  15.5 The Company Secretary must keep abreast of, and inform the Board of current governance practices.
   
  15.6 The Board members have unlimited access to the professional advice and services of the Company Secretary.
 
16.  REVIEW OF THE BOARD CHARTER
  The Board Charter will be periodically reviewed and updated in accordance with the needs of the Company and any new regulations that may have an impact on the discharge of the Board's responsibilities.

The Board of Directors ("Board") of YTL Corporation Berhad ("YTL Corp" or "Company") remains firmly committed to ensuring an appropriate and sound system of corporate governance throughout the Company and its subsidiaries ("YTL Corp Group"). The YTL Corp Group has a long-standing commitment to corporate governance and protection of stakeholder value, which has been integral to the YTL Corp Group's achievements and strong financial profile to date.

The YTL Corp Group's corporate governance structure is a fundamental part of the Board's responsibility to protect and enhance long-term shareholder value and the financial performance of the YTL Corp Group, whilst taking into account the interests of all stakeholders.

In implementing its governance system and ensuring compliance with the Main Market Listing Requirements ("Listing Requirements") of Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad ("Bursa Securities"), the Board has been guided by the principles and practices set out in the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance ("Code") issued by the Securities Commission Malaysia.

The new Code was issued in April 2017 and required companies to report their application of the practices in the new Code for financial years ending on or after 31 December 2017, making this the Company's first report prepared with reference to its compliance with the new Code. In November 2017, Bursa Securities issued amendments to the Listing Requirements which, amongst others, replaced the previous narrative statement on corporate governance with the requirement for an overview of the application of the principles of the Code and set out the prescribed format for the Corporate Governance Report ("CG Report") required to be issued in conjunction with the annual report.

Therefore, an overview of the Board's implementation of the practices set out in the Code during the financial year ended 30 June 2018 is detailed in this statement, together with targeted timeframes for measures expected to be implemented in the near future, where applicable, and the Company's CG Report for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 is available below and has been released via the website of Bursa Securities at www.bursamalaysia.com in conjunction with the Annual Report.

PRINCIPLE A: BOARD LEADERSHIP AND EFFECTIVENESS

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE BOARD

YTL Corp is led and managed by an experienced Board with a wide and varied range of expertise to address and manage the complexity and scale of the YTL Corp Group's operations. This broad spectrum of skills and experience ensures the YTL Corp Group is under the guidance of an accountable and competent Board. The Directors recognise the key role they play in charting the strategic direction, development and control of the YTL Corp Group.

Key elements of the Board's stewardship responsibilities include:

  • Reviewing and adopting strategic plans for the YTL Corp Group to ensure long-term, sustainable value creation for the benefit of its stakeholders;
  • Overseeing the conduct of the YTL Corp Group's business operations and financial performance, including the economic, environmental and social impacts of its operations;
  • Identifying and understanding the principal risks affecting the YTL Corp Group's businesses in order to determine the appropriate risk appetite within which management is expected to operate;
  • Maintaining a sound risk management and internal control framework, supported by appropriate mitigation measures;
  • Succession planning; and
  • Overseeing the development and implementation of shareholder communications policies.

The Board is led by the Chairman who is responsible for instilling good corporate governance practices, leadership and effectiveness of the Board.

Following the passing away of the YTL Corp Group's founder and Executive Chairman, Tan Sri Dato' Seri (Dr) Yeoh Tiong Lay, in October 2017, the Nominating Committee undertook an assessment of the needs of the Board in appointing a new chairman. In June 2018, the Board approved the re-designations of Tan Sri Dato' (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping, who was redesignated as the Executive Chairman, from Managing Director previously, and Dato' Yeoh Seok Kian, who was re-designated as the Managing Director, from Deputy Managing Director previously.

There is a balance of power, authority and accountability between the Executive Chairman and the Managing Director with a clear division of responsibility between the running of the Board and the Company's business respectively. The positions of Executive Chairman and Managing Director are separate and clearly defined, and are held by different members of the Board.

The Chairman is responsible for leadership of the Board in ensuring the effectiveness of all aspects of its role, and is primarily responsible for leading the Board in setting the values and standards of the Company, the orderly and effective conduct of the meetings of the Board and shareholders, maintaining a relationship of trust with and between the Executive and Non- Executive Directors, ensuring the provision of accurate, timely and clear information to Directors, facilitating the effective contribution of Non-Executive Directors and ensuring that constructive relations are maintained between Executive and Non-Executive Directors.

The Managing Director is responsible for, amongst others, overseeing the day-to-day running of the business, implementation of Board policies and strategies and making of operational decisions, serving as the conduit between the Board and the Management in ensuring the success of the Company's governance and management functions, ensuring effective communication with shareholders and relevant stakeholders, providing strong leadership, i.e., effectively communicating a vision, management philosophy and business strategy to employees, and keeping the Board informed of salient aspects and issues concerning the Group's operations.

The Managing Director and Executive Directors are accountable to the Board for the profitability and development of the YTL Corp Group, consistent with the primary aim of enhancing longterm shareholder value. The Independent Non-Executive Directors have the experience and business acumen necessary to carry sufficient weight in the Board's decisions and the presence of these Independent Non-Executive Directors brings an additional element of balance to the Board as they do not participate in the day-to-day running of the YTL Corp Group.

The roles of Executive and Non-Executive Directors are differentiated, both having fiduciary duties towards shareholders. Executive Directors have a direct responsibility for business operations whereas Non-Executive Directors have the necessary skill and experience to bring an independent judgment to bear on issues of strategy, performance and resources brought before the Board. The Executive Directors are collectively accountable for the running and management of the YTL Corp Group's operations and for ensuring that strategies are fully discussed and examined, and take account of the long-term interests of shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers and the many communities in which the YTL Corp Group conducts its business.

In the discharge of their responsibilities, the Directors have established functions which are reserved for the Board and those which are delegated to management. Key matters reserved for the Board's approval include overall strategic direction, business expansion and restructuring plans, material acquisitions and disposals, expenditure over certain limits, issuance of new securities and capital alteration plans. Further information on authorisation procedures, authority levels and other key processes can also be found in the Statement on Risk Management & Internal Control set out in the Annual Report.

The Board believes sustainability is integral to the long-term success of the YTL Corp Group. Further information on the YTL Corp Group's sustainability activities can be found in YTL Corp's Sustainability Report 2018, a separate report published in conjunction with the Annual Report.

BOARD MEETINGS AND PROCEDURES

Board meetings are scheduled with due notice in advance at least 5 times in a year in order to review and approve the annual and interim financial results. Additional meetings may also be convened on an ad-hoc basis when significant issues arise relating to the YTL Corp Group and when necessary to review the progress of its operating subsidiaries in achieving their strategic goals. The Board met 5 times during the financial year ended 30 June 2018.

The Directors are fully apprised of the need to determine and disclose potential or actual conflicts of interest which may arise in relation to transactions or matters which come before the Board. In accordance with applicable laws and regulations, the Directors formally disclose any direct or indirect interests or conflicts of interests in such transactions or matters as and when they arise and abstain from deliberations and voting at Board meetings as required.

The Directors have full and unrestricted access to all information pertaining to the YTL Corp Group's business and affairs to enable them to discharge their duties. At least one week prior to each Board meeting, all Directors receive the agenda together with a comprehensive set of Board papers encompassing qualitative and quantitative information relevant to the business of the meeting. This allows the Directors to obtain further explanations or clarifications, where necessary, in order to be properly briefed before each meeting.

Board papers are presented in a consistent, concise and comprehensive format, and include, where relevant to the proposal put forward for the Board's deliberation, approval or knowledge, progress reports on the YTL Corp Group's operations and detailed information on corporate proposals, major fundraising exercises and significant acquisitions and disposals. Where necessary or prudent, professional advisers may be on hand to provide further information and respond directly to Directors' queries. In order to maintain confidentiality, Board papers on issues that are deemed to be price-sensitive may be handed out to Directors during the Board meeting.

The minutes of the Board and/or Board Committee meetings are circulated and confirmed at the next meeting. Once confirmed, the minutes of the Board Committee meetings are subsequently presented to the Board for notation.

COMPANY SECRETARY

The Board is supported by a professionally qualified and competent Company Secretary. The Company Secretary, Ms Ho Say Keng, is a Fellow of the Chartered Association of Certified Accountants, a registered member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants and an affiliate member of the Malaysian Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators, and is qualified to act as Company Secretary under Section 235(2)(a) of the Companies Act 2016.

The Company Secretary ensures that Board procedures are adhered to at all times during meetings and advises the Board on matters including corporate governance issues and the Directors' responsibilities in complying with relevant legislation and regulations. The Company Secretary works very closely with Management for timely and appropriate information, which will then be passed on to the Directors. In accordance with the Board's procedures, deliberations and conclusions in Board meetings are recorded by the Company Secretary, who ensures that accurate and proper records of the proceedings of Board meetings and resolutions passed are recorded and kept in the statutory register at the registered office of the Company.

During the financial year under review, the Company Secretary attended training, seminars and regulatory briefings and updates relevant for the effective discharge of her duties. The Company Secretary also carried out an ongoing review of existing practices in comparison with the new measures introduced in the Code.

BOARD CHARTER

The Board's functions are governed and regulated by its Charter, the Constitution of the Company and the various applicable legislation, Listing Requirements and other regulations and codes. The Board's Charter was formalised during the financial year ended 30 June 2014 and a copy can be found under the "Governance" section on the Company's website at www.ytl.com. The Board Charter clearly sets out the role and responsibilities of the Board, Board committees, Directors and Management and the issues and decisions reserved for the Board. The Board Charter is reviewed and updated periodically when necessary.

BUSINESS CONDUCT AND ETHICS

The Directors observe and adhere to the Code of Ethics for Company Directors established by the Companies Commission of Malaysia, which encompasses the formulation of corporate accountability standards in order to establish an ethical corporate environment. YTL Corp has an established track record for good governance and ethical conduct, and is in the process of updating and formalising the code of conduct for all employees of its group of companies in a consolidated employee handbook, also sets out a whistleblowing policy and procedures.

COMPOSITION OF THE BOARD

The Board currently has 12 Directors, comprising 8 executive members and 4 non-executive members, all 4 of whom are independent.

The Independent Directors comprise 33.3% of the Board. This provides an effective check and balance in the functioning of the Board, and complies with the Listing Requirements, which require one-third of the Board to be independent. The Directors are cognisant of the recommendation in the Code for the Board to comprise a majority of independent directors, and will assess the composition and size of the Board on an ongoing basis to ensure the needs of the Company are met. The Board is of the view that the current Independent Non-Executive Directors have the experience and business acumen necessary to carry sufficient weight in the Board's decisions, and act in the best interests of the shareholders.

There are currently two Independent Non-Executive Directors, Dato' Cheong Keap Tai and Mr Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu, who both have served on the Board for a period exceeding the nineyear term limit recommended in the Code. In accordance with current practice, approval through a vote of all shareholders via the single-tier voting process will continue to be sought at the forthcoming thirty-fifth Annual General Meeting ("AGM") of YTL Corp for Dato' Cheong Keap Tai and Mr Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu to continue to serve as Independent Non-Executive Directors. Further information on the review and assessment process can be found in the Nominating Committee Statement, whilst details of the resolution, together with the rationale for approval sought, can be found in the Notice of Annual General Meeting in the Annual Report.

In accordance with the Company's Constitution, at least one-third of the Directors are required to retire from office at each Annual General Meeting ("AGM") and may offer themselves for re-election by rotation. Directors who are appointed by the Board during the financial year are subject to re-election by shareholders at the next AGM held following their appointments.

The names of Directors seeking re-election at the forthcoming AGM are disclosed in the Notice of Annual General Meeting, which can be found in the Annual Report. The details of the Directors can be found in the Profile of the Board of Directors set out in the Annual Report and this information is also available under the "Governance" section on the Company's website at www.ytl.com.

BOARD AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT APPOINTMENTS

The Nominating Committee is chaired by an Independent Non-Executive Director and is responsible for assessing suitable candidates for appointment to the Board for approval, taking into account the required mix of skills, diversity, experience and expertise of members of the Board before submitting its recommendation to the Board for decision. Nevertheless, in identifying future candidates, the Board will also endeavour to utilise independent sources including external human resources consultants and specialised databases, as appropriate.

Meanwhile, members of senior management are selected based on relevant industry experience, with due regard for diversity in skills, experience, age, background and gender, and are appointed by the Executive Chairman and/or the Managing Director following recommendation by the Executive Director in charge of the relevant division.

As the Board's overriding aim is to maintain a strong and effective Board, it seeks to ensure that all appointments are made on merit, taking into account the collective balance of elements such as skills, experience, age, gender, ethnicity, background and perspective. The Board recognises the importance of encouraging and developing female talent at all levels. Currently there are two female directors on the Board comprising 16.7% of the Board and, therefore, the Board has not met the target of 30% women directors set out in the Code. However, the Directors understand the importance of having a diverse Board to leverage on varying perspectives, experience and expertise required to achieve effective stewardship and management. The Board intends to continue its current approach to support diversity in all aspects while at the same time seeking Board members of the highest calibre, and with the necessary strength, experience and skills to meet the needs of the YTL Corp Group.

EVALUATION OF THE BOARD

Annual evaluation of the Board as a whole, Board Committees and the individual Directors is carried out by the Nominating Committee. The evaluation carried out during the financial year under review involved an annual assessment of the effectiveness of each individual Director and the Board as a whole with the objectives of assessing whether the Board and the Directors had effectively performed its/their roles and fulfilled its/their responsibilities, and devoted sufficient time commitment to the Company's affairs, in addition to recommending areas for improvement.

The assessment exercise was facilitated by the Company Secretary and took the form of completion of questionnaires/ evaluation forms comprising a Board and Nominating Committee Effectiveness Evaluation Form, Individual Director Performance Evaluation Form, Independent Directors' Evaluation Form, Audit Committee Effectiveness Evaluation Form and Audit Committee Members Evaluation Form. As recommended in the Code, the Board will endeavour to utilise independent experts to facilitate the evaluation process, as and when appropriate. Further information on the activities of the Nominating Committee can be found in the Nominating Committee Statement set out in the Annual Report. This information is also available under the "Governance" section on the Company's website at www.ytl.com.

REMUNERATION

Directors' remuneration is decided in line with the objective recommended by the Code to determine the remuneration for Directors so as to attract, retain, motivate and incentivise Directors of the necessary calibre to lead the YTL Corp Group successfully. In general, the remuneration of the Directors is reviewed against the performance of the individual and the YTL Corp Group. The Executive Directors' remuneration consists of basic salary, other emoluments and other customary benefits as appropriate to a senior management member. The component parts of remuneration are structured so as to link rewards to performance. Directors do not participate in decisions regarding their own remuneration packages and Directors' fees must be approved by shareholders at the AGM.

The Board does not currently have a separate committee to perform this function but will target to establish a remuneration committee within the next two years.

Details of the Directors' remuneration categorised into appropriate components can be found in Note 7 in the Notes to the Financial Statements in the Annual Report. Meanwhile, as regards the remuneration of the YTL Corp Group's senior management team, the Board is of the view that the disclosure of these details would not be in the best interests of YTL Corp Group due to confidentiality and the competitive nature of the industries in which the YTL Corp Group operates, as well as for business and personal security reasons.

BOARD COMMITMENT

In accordance with the Listing Requirements, each member of the Board holds not more than five directorships in public listed companies. This ensures that their commitment, resources and time are focused on the affairs of the YTL Corp Group thereby enabling them to discharge their duties effectively.

Presently, each Board member is required to assess (via the annual assessment process) whether he/she devotes the necessary time and energy to fulfilling his/her commitments to the Company. The Board recognises that an individual's capacity for work varies depending on various factors that weigh very much on his/her own assessment. Hence, having rigid protocols in place before any new directorships may be accepted is not practical. Each Board member is also expected to inform the Board whenever he/she is appointed as an officer of a corporation.

The details of each Director's attendance of Board meetings can be found in the Profile of the Board of Directors whilst details of the training programmes attended during the year under review are disclosed in the Nominating Committee Statement in the Annual Report. This information is also available under the "Governance" section on the Company's website at www.ytl.com.

PRINCIPLE B: EFFECTIVE AUDIT AND RISK MANAGEMENT

INTEGRITY IN FINANCIAL REPORTING

The Directors are responsible for ensuring that financial statements are drawn up in accordance with the Listing Requirements, Financial Reporting Standards and the requirements of the Companies Act 2016 in Malaysia. The Statement of Directors' Responsibilities made pursuant to Section 248-249 of the Companies Act 2016 is set out in the Annual Report.

In presenting the financial statements, the Company has used appropriate accounting policies, consistently applied and supported by reasonable and prudent judgments and estimates, to present a true and fair assessment of the Company's position and prospects. Interim financial reports were reviewed by the Audit Committee and approved by the Board prior to release to Bursa Securities.

AUDIT COMMITTEE

The Company has in place an Audit Committee which comprises 3 Independent Non-Executive Directors, in compliance with the Listing Requirements and the Code, namely Mr. Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu, Dato' Cheong Keap Tai and Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan. The Chairman of the Audit Committee is Mr Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu, in accordance with the recommendations of the Code that the chairman of the audit committee should not be the chairman of the Board.

The members of the Audit Committee possess a wide range of necessary skills to discharge their duties, and are financially literate and able to understand matters under the purview of the Audit Committee including the financial reporting process. The members of the Audit Committee also intend to continue to undertake professional development by attending training to keep themselves abreast of relevant developments in accounting and auditing standards, practices and rules.

The Audit Committee holds quarterly meetings to review matters including the YTL Corp Group's financial reporting, the audit plans for the financial year and recurrent related party transactions, as well as to deliberate the findings of the internal and external auditors.

The Audit Committee met 5 times during the financial year ended 30 June 2018. Full details of the composition and a summary of the work carried out by the Audit Committee during the financial year can be found in the Audit Committee Report set out in the Annual Report. This information and the terms of reference of the Audit Committee are available under the "Governance" section on the Company's website at www.ytl.com.

The Audit Committee has established formal and professional arrangements for maintaining an appropriate relationship with the Company's external auditors, Messrs HLB Ler Lum ("HLB"). The external auditors also attend each AGM in order to address clarifications sought pertaining to the audited financial statements by shareholders. During the financial year under review, the Terms of Reference of the Audit Committee were updated to include the establishment of policies to assess the suitability, objectivity and independence of external auditors. It is intended that these policies, which will also include a requirement that a former key audit partner must observe a cooling-off period of two years before being appointed as a member of the Audit Committee, will be implemented within the next one year.

Details of the audit and non-audit fees paid/payable to HLB for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 are as follows:-

RISK MANAGEMENT & INTERNAL CONTROL

The Board acknowledges its overall responsibility for maintaining a sound system of risk management and internal control to safeguard the investment of its shareholders and the YTL Corp Group's assets, and that these controls are designed to provide reasonable, but not absolute, assurance against the risk of occurrence of material errors, fraud or losses.

Details of the YTL Corp Group's system of risk management and internal control are contained in the Statement on Risk Management & Internal Control and the Audit Committee Report as set out in the Annual Report.

INTERNAL AUDIT

YTL Corp's internal audit function is undertaken by its Internal Audit department ("YTLIA"), which reports directly to the Audit Committee. The Head of YTLIA, Mr Choong Hon Chow, is a member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants and a fellow member of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) UK. He started his career with the external audit division of a large public accounting firm before moving on to the internal audit profession in public listed companies and gained valuable and extensive internal audit experiences covering many areas of diversified commercial businesses and activities. He has a total of 35 years of internal and external audit experience.

YTLIA comprises 8 full-time personnel. The personnel of YTLIA are free from any relationships or conflicts of interest which could impair their objectivity and independence.

The internal audit function adopts the framework based on the International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing issued by the Institute of Internal Auditors.

The activities of the internal audit function during the year under review included:-

Developing the annual internal audit plan and proposing this plan to the Board;
Conducting scheduled internal audit engagements, focusing primarily on the effectiveness of internal controls and recommending improvements where necessary;
Conducting follow-up reviews to assess if appropriate action has been taken to address issues highlighted in audit reports; and
Presenting audit findings to the Board for consideration.

Further details of the YTL Corp Group's internal audit function are contained in the Statement on Risk Management & Internal Control and the Audit Committee Report as set out in the Annual Report.

PRINCIPLE C: INTEGRITY IN CORPORATE REPORTING AND MEANINGFUL RELATIONSHIP WITH STAKEHOLDERS

COMMUNICATION WITH SHAREHOLDERS

The YTL Corp Group values dialogue with investors and constantly strives to improve transparency by maintaining channels of communication with shareholders and investors that enable the Board to convey information about performance, corporate strategy and other matters affecting stakeholders' interests. The Board believes that a constructive and effective investor relationship is essential in enhancing shareholder value and recognises the importance of timely dissemination of information to shareholders.

Accordingly, the Board ensures that shareholders are kept wellinformed of any major development of the YTL Corp Group. Such information is communicated through the Annual Report, the various disclosures and announcements to Bursa Securities, including quarterly and annual results, and corporate websites. Corporate information, annual financial results, governance information, business reviews and future plans are disseminated through the Annual Report, whilst current corporate developments are communicated via the Company's corporate website at www.ytl.com and the YTL Corp Group's community website at www.ytlcommunity.com, in addition to prescribed information, including its interim financial results, announcements, circulars, prospectuses and notices, which is released through the official website of Bursa Securities.

The Executive Chairman, Managing Director and the Executive Directors meet with analysts, institutional shareholders and investors throughout the year not only to promote the dissemination of the YTL Corp Group's financial results but to provide updates on strategies and new developments to ensure better understanding of the YTL Corp Group's operations and activities. Presentations based on permissible disclosures are made to explain the YTL Corp Group's performance and major development programs.

Whilst efforts are made to provide as much information as possible to its shareholders and stakeholders, the Directors are cognisant of the legal and regulatory framework governing the release of material and sensitive information so as to not mislead its shareholders. Therefore, the information that is price-sensitive or that may be regarded as undisclosed material information about the YTL Corp Group is not disclosed to any party until after the prescribed announcement to Bursa Securities has been made.

CONDUCT OF GENERAL MEETING

The AGM is the principal forum for dialogue with shareholders. The Board provides opportunities for shareholders to raise questions pertaining to issues in the Annual Report, corporate developments in the YTL Corp Group, the resolutions being proposed and the business of the YTL Corp Group in general at every general meeting of the Company.

The Notice of the AGM and a circular to shareholders in relation to the renewal of the Company's share buy-back and recurrent related party transactions mandates, if applicable, are sent to shareholders at least 28 days prior to the AGM in accordance with the Code, which also meets the criteria of the Listing Requirements and Companies Act 2016, which require the Notice of AGM to be sent 21 days prior to the AGM. This provides shareholders with sufficient time to review the YTL Corp Group's financial and operational performance for the financial year and to fully evaluate new resolutions being proposed to make informed voting decisions at the AGM.

The Executive Chairman, Managing Director and Executive Directors take the opportunity to present a comprehensive review of the progress and performance of the YTL Corp Group and provide appropriate answers in response to shareholders' questions during the meeting, thereby ensuring a high level of accountability, transparency and identification with the YTL Corp Group's business operations, strategy and goals. The Directors are mindful of the recommendation under the Code that all directors must attend general meetings and fully appreciate the need for their attendance at all such meetings.

Extraordinary general meetings are held as and when required to seek shareholders' approval. The Executive Chairman, Managing Director and Executive Directors take the opportunity to fully explain the rationale for proposals put forth for approval and the implications of such proposals for the Company and to reply to shareholders' questions.

Voting in absentia is not applied as general meetings are always held at easily accessible locations, in the centre of Kuala Lumpur. Shareholders who are unable to attend the meetings can appoint a proxy to vote on their behalf.

Where applicable, each item of special business included in the notice of the meeting is accompanied by an explanatory statement for the proposed resolution to facilitate full understanding and evaluation of the issues involved. All resolutions are put to vote by electronic poll voting and an independent scrutineer is appointed to verify poll results. The results of the electronic poll voting are announced in a timely manner, usually within half an hour of the voting process to enable sufficient time for the results to be tabulated and verified by the independent scrutineer.

The rights of shareholders, including the right to demand for a poll, are found in the Constitution of the Company. At the 34th AGM of the Company, held on 12 December 2017, the resolutions put forth for shareholders' approval were voted on by way of a poll.

This statement and the CG Report were approved by the Board of Directors on 29 August 2018.

Click here to view CG Report.

COMPOSITION

Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu
(Chairman/Independent Non-Executive Director)

Dato' Cheong Keap Tai
(Member/Independent Non-Executive Director)

Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan
(Member/Independent Non-Executive Director)

 

TERMS OF REFERENCE

Primary Purposes

The Committee shall:-

1. Provide assistance to the Board of Directors ("Board") in fulfilling its fiduciary responsibilities relating to the corporate accounting and practices for YTL Corporation Berhad and its subsidiaries ("Group").
2. Assist to improve the Company and the Group's business efficiency, the quality of the accounting function, the system of internal controls and the audit function to strengthen the confidence of the public in the Company's and the Group's reported results.
3. Maintain through regularly scheduled meetings, a direct line of communication between the Board and the external auditors as well as internal auditors.
4. Establish policies and procedures to assess the suitability, objectivity and independence of the external auditors.
5. Ensure that the internal audit function is effective and able to function independently.
6. Strengthen the role of the Independent Directors by giving them a greater depth of knowledge as to the operations of the Company and of the Group through their participation in the Committee.
7. Act upon the Board's request to investigate and report on any issues or concerns in regard to the management of the Company and the Group.
8. Review existing practices and recommend to management to formalise an ethics code for all executives and members of the staff of the Company and the Group.
9. Instill discipline and control to reduce incidence of fraud.

 

Composition

1. The Committee shall be appointed by the Board from amongst their number and shall comprise no fewer than three (3) members, all of whom must be non-executive directors, with a majority of them being Independent Directors.
2. All members of the Audit Committee should be financially literate. At least one member of the Audit Committee:-
(a) must be a member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants; or
(b) if he is not a member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants, he must have at least 3 years' working experience and:-
  (i) he must have passed the examinations specified in Part I of the First Schedule of the Accountants Act 1967; or
  (ii) he must be a member of one of the associations of accountants specified in Part II of the First Schedule of the Accountants Act 1967; or
(c) fulfils such other requirements as prescribed or approved by Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad ("Bursa Securities").
3. The Board must ensure that no alternate Director is appointed as a member of the Audit Committee.
4. The members of the Committee shall elect a Chairman from amongst their number who shall be an Independent Director. The Chairman of the Committee shall not be the Chairman of the Board.
5. In the event of any vacancy in the Committee resulting in the non-compliance of sub-paragraph 15.09(1) of the Bursa Securities Main Market Listing Requirements ("Main LR"), the Company must fill the vacancy within three (3) months.

 

Authority

The Committee shall in accordance with the procedure determined by the Board and at the cost of the Company:-

1. have explicit authority to investigate any matter within its terms of reference;
2. have the resources which are required to perform its duties;
3. have full and unrestricted access to any information pertaining to the Company and the Group;
4. have direct communication channels with the external auditors and person(s) carrying out the internal audit function or activity;
5. be able to obtain independent professional or other advice and to secure the attendance of outsiders with relevant experience and expertise if it considers this necessary;
6. be able to convene meetings with the internal auditors without the presence of other directors and employees of the Company, whenever deemed necessary; and
7. to meet with the external auditors at least twice a year without the presence of the other directors and employees of the Company.

 

Functions And Duties

The Committee shall, amongst others, discharge the following functions:-

1. Financial Reporting
  (a) Review the quarterly financial results and annual financial statements prior to its recommendation to the Board for approval, focusing particularly on:-
  • changes in or implementation of major accounting policies and practices;
  • significant matters highlighted including financial reporting issues, significant judgements made by management, significant and unusual events or transactions, and how these matters are addressed;
  • the accuracy and adequacy of the disclosure of information essential to a fair and full presentation of the financial affairs of the Company and the Group;
  • compliance with applicable approved accounting standards, other regulatory and legal requirements; and
  • the going concern assumption.
 
2. External Audit
  (a) Review the audit plan, scope of audit and audit report with the external auditors;
  (b) Review with the external auditors their evaluation of the system of internal controls, during the course of their audit, including any significant suggestions for improvements and management's response;
  (c) Review the assistance given by the employees of the Company to the external auditors;
  (d) Recommend the nomination of a person or persons as external auditors and the audit fee;
  (e) Review any letter of resignation from the external auditors of the Company;
  (f) Review whether there is reason (supported by grounds) to believe that the Company's external auditors are not suitable for re-appointment;
  (g) Review any significant audit findings, reservations, difficulties encountered or material weaknesses reported by the external auditors.
 
3. Internal Audit
  (a) Review the adequacy of the scope, competency and resources of the internal audit function and that it has the necessary authority and resources to carry out its work;
  (b) Review the internal audit plan, processes, the results of the internal audit assessments, investigation undertaken and whether or not appropriate action is taken on the recommendations;
  (c) Review any significant audit findings, reservations, difficulties encountered or material weaknesses reported by the internal auditors.
 
4. Related Party Transactions
  (a) Review any related party transaction and conflict of interest situation that may arise within the Company/Group and any related parties outside the Company/Group including any transaction, procedure or course of conduct that raises questions of management integrity.
 
5. Employees Share Option Scheme ("ESOS")
  (a) Verify allocation of share options to the eligible employees pursuant to the criteria set out in the By-Laws of the ESOS in accordance to the Main LR.
 
6. Other Matters
  (a) Carry out any other function that may be mutually agreed upon by the Committee and the Board which would be beneficial to the Company/Group and ensure the effective discharge of the Committee's duties and responsibilities;
  (b) Promptly report to Bursa Securities on any matter reported by it to the Board of the Company which has not been satisfactorily resolved resulting in a breach of the Main LR.

 

Meetings

1. To form a quorum in respect of a meeting of the Committee, the majority of members present must be Independent Directors.
2. The Committee shall meet at least five (5) times a year, although additional meetings may be called at any time at the discretion of the Chairman of the Committee. An agenda shall be sent to all members of the Committee and any other persons who may be required/invited to attend. All meetings to review the quarterly financial results and annual financial statements, shall be held prior to such quarterly financial results and annual financial statements being presented to the Board for approval.
3. Notwithstanding item 2 above, upon the request of any member of the Committee, the external auditors or the internal auditors, the Chairman of the Committee shall convene a meeting of the Committee to consider any matter which should be brought to the attention of the Directors or shareholders.
4. The external auditors have the right to appear and be heard at any meeting of the Committee and shall appear before the Committee when required to do so by the Committee.
5. The Committee may invite any Board member or any member of the management within the Company/Group whom the Committee thinks fit to attend its meetings to assist in resolving and clarifying matters raised in audit reports.
6. The internal auditors shall be in attendance at meetings of the Committee to present and discuss the audit reports of findings and the recommendations relating thereto and to follow up on decisions made at these meetings.
7. The Committee may establish any regulations from time to time to govern its administration.

 

Minutes

1. The Secretary shall cause minutes to be duly entered in the books provided for the purpose of all resolutions and proceedings of all meetings of the Committee. Such minutes shall be signed by the Chairman of the meeting at which the proceedings were held or by the Chairman of the next succeeding meeting and if so signed, shall be conclusive evidence without any further proof of the facts thereon stated.
2. Minutes of each meeting shall also be distributed to the members of the Committee prior to each meeting.
3. Detailed minutes of the Committee's meetings will be made available to all Board members. A summary of significant matters and resolutions will be reported to the Board by the Committee.
4. The books containing the minutes of proceedings of any meeting of the Committee shall be kept by the Company at the registered office of the Company and shall be opened to the inspection of any member of the Committee or the Board.

 

Secretary

The Secretary to the Committee shall be the Company Secretary.

 

SUMMARY OF WORK CARRIED OUT DURING FINANCIAL YEAR

The Audit Committee carried out the following work during the financial year ended 30 June 2018 in the discharge of its functions and duties:-

1. OVERSEEING FINANCIAL REPORTING
  (a) Reviewed the following quarterly financial results and annual financial statements ("Financial Reports") prior to their recommendation to the Board of Directors for approval:
  • Quarterly financial results for the fourth quarter of financial year ended 30 June 2017, and the annual audited financial statements for the financial year ended 30 June 2017 at the Audit Committee meetings held in 24 August 2017 and 20 September 2017, respectively;
  • First, second and third quarters of the quarterly results for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 at the Audit Committee meetings held 21 November 2017, 21 February 2018 and 23 May 2018, respectively.
  (b) At the Audit Committee meetings, the Financial Reports were presented by the Senior Finance Manager wherein the following matters were reviewed and confirmed, with clarification and/or additional information provided wherever required by the Managing Director/Executive Director primarily in charge of the financial management of the Company:
  • Appropriate accounting policies had been adopted and applied consistently, and other statutory and regulatory requirements had been complied with;
  • The Company has adequate resources to continue in operation for the foreseeable future and that there are no material uncertainties that could lead to significant doubt as to the Group's ability to continue as a going concern;
  • Significant judgements made by management in respect of matters such as impairment assessment of goodwill, carrying value of investment, and post-employment benefit obligations and the underlying assumptions and/or estimates used were reasonable and appropriate in accordance with the requirements of the Financial Reporting Standards ("FRS");
  • Adequate processes and controls were in place for effective and efficient financial reporting and disclosures under the FRS and Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad ("Bursa Securities") Main Market Listing Requirements ("Main LR");
  • The Financial Reports were fairly presented in conformity with the relevant accounting standards in all material aspects.
   
2. EXTERNAL AUDIT
  (a) Reviewed with the external auditors, Messrs HLB Ler Lum:-
  • their final report on the audit of the financial statements for financial year ended 30 June 2017 setting out their comments and conclusions on the significant audit and accounting matters highlighted, including management's judgements, estimates and/or assessments made, and adequacy of disclosures in the financial statements;
  • the audit plan for the financial year ended 30 June 2018 outlining, amongst others, their scope of work, and areas of audit emphasis and multilocation audit, and development in laws and regulations affecting financial reporting and the roles and responsibilities of directors/audit committee members and auditors;
  • the profiles of the audit engagement team which enabled the Audit Committee to assess their qualifications, expertise, resources, and independence, as well as the effectiveness of the audit process. The external auditors also confirmed their independence in each of the reports presented to the Audit Committee.
  (b) Reviewed the audit fees proposed by the external auditors together with management and recommended the negotiated fees agreed with the external auditors to the Board of Directors for approval;
  (c) Had discussions with the external auditors twice during the financial year, namely on 20 September 2017 and 23 May 2018, without the presence of management, to discuss matters concerning the audit and financial statements. The Audit Committee also enquired about the assistance and co-operation given by management to the external auditors.
   
3. INTERNAL AUDIT
  (a) Reviewed with the internal auditors the internal audit reports (including follow-up review reports), the audit findings and recommendations, management's responses and/or actions taken thereto, and ensured that material findings were satisfactorily addressed by management;
  (b) Reviewed and adopted the internal audit risk analysis reports for 2018. Internal audit would leverage on the Group's risk analysis to focus on the business processes and relevant areas that address the key risks identified;
  (c) Reviewed and adopted the risk-based internal audit plan for financial year ending 30 June 2019 to ensure sufficient scope and coverage of activities of the Company and the Group;
  (d) Reviewed internal audit resourcing, with focus on ensuring that the function has sufficient resources together with the right calibre of personnel to perform effectively, and that the head of internal audit has adequate authority to discharge his functions objectively and independently.
   
4. AMENDMENTS TO TERMS OF REFERENCE ("TOR")
  (a) Reviewed the proposed amendments to its TOR to include enhancements to its oversight role as introduced by the changes to the Main LR and practices recommended in the Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance, prior to approval of the Board of Directors.
   
5. RECURRENT RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS OF A REVENUE OR TRADING NATURE ("RRPT")
  (a) Reviewed, on a quarterly basis, the RRPT entered into by the Company and/or its subsidiaries with related parties to ensure that the Group's internal policies and procedures governing RRPT are adhered to, the terms of the shareholder mandate are not contravened, and disclosure requirements of the Main LR are observed;
  (b) Received updates on the directorships and shareholdings held by the Directors of the Company and persons connected with them via the general notices given under and in accordance with Section 221 of the Companies Act, 2016. These disclosures enabled an assessment of the potential or actual conflicts of interest which may arise in relation to related party transactions or RRPT;
  (c) Reviewed the 2017 circular to shareholders in relation to the renewal of shareholder mandate for RRPT and new shareholder mandate for additional RRPT, prior to its recommendation to the Board of Directors for approval.
   
6. EMPLOYEES SHARE OPTION SCHEME ("ESOS")
  (a) Reviewed the verification of share options allocation to the eligible employees approved by the options committee in May 2018 and concurred that the allocation under the ESOS complied with the criteria set out in the By-Laws of the ESOS.
   
7. ANNUAL REPORT
  (a) Reviewed the Audit Committee Report, and Statement on Risk Management and Internal Control before recommending these to the Board of Directors for approval for inclusion in 2017 Annual Report.

 

INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION

The objective of the Internal Audit ("IA") is to help management evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the internal control systems. The IA is part of the Company and the Group's governance system, and according to the Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance, the IA is in charge of supervising internal control activities. IA's goal is to focus mainly on risk-based audits related to operations and compliance that are aligned with the risks of the Company and the Group to ensure that the relevant controls addressing those risks are reviewed.

During the year, the IA Department evaluated the adequacy and effectiveness of key controls in responding to risks within the organisation's governance, operations and information systems regarding:-

  • Reliability and integrity of financial and operational information;
  • Effectiveness and efficiency of operations;
  • Safeguarding of assets; and
  • Compliance with relevant laws, regulations and contractual obligations.

The work of the internal audit function during the year under review include:-

1. Developed the annual internal audit plan and proposed the plan to the Audit Committee.
2. Conducted scheduled and special internal audit engagements, focusing primarily on the effectiveness of internal controls and recommending improvements where necessary.
3. Conducted follow-up reviews to assess if appropriate action has been taken to address issues highlighted in previous audit reports.
4. Presented significant audit findings and areas for improvements raised by the IA to the Audit Committee for consideration on the recommended corrective measures together with the management's response.
5. Conducted recurrent related party transactions reviews to assess accuracy and completeness of reporting for presentation to the Audit Committee, and ensure compliance with the Main LR.
6. Conducted discussions with management in identifying significant concerns and risk areas perceived by management for inclusion in the internal audit plan.

Costs amounting to RM2,653,814 were incurred in relation to the internal audit function for the financial year ended 30 June 2018.

 

NUMBER OF MEETINGS HELD AND DETAILS OF ATTENDANCE

During the financial year, a total of 5 Audit Committee Meetings were held and the details of attendance are as follows:-

  Attendance
Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu 3
Dato' Cheong Keap Tai 5
Dato' Ahmad Fuaad Bin Mohd Dahalan 5

NOMINATING COMMITTEE ("NC")

The NC assists the Board of Directors of YTL Corporation Berhad (the "Company") ("Board") in discharging its responsibilities by overseeing the selection and assessment of Directors to ensure that the composition of the Board meets the needs of the Company and its subsidiaries ("YTL Corp Group").

Members of the NC are as follows:-

  • Faiz Bin Ishak (Chairman)
  • Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu
  • Dato' Cheong Keap Tai

The NC met twice during financial year ended 30 June 2018, attended by all members.

 

ACTIVITIES OF THE NC FOR THE FINANCIAL YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 2018

(a) Board nomination and election process and criteria used

The NC is responsible for considering and making recommendations to the Board candidates for directorship when the need arises such as to fill a vacancy arising from resignation or retirement or to close any skills, competencies, experience or diversity gap that has been identified. Candidates may be proposed by the Managing Director or any Director or shareholder and must fulfil the requirements prescribed under the relevant laws and regulations for appointment as director. In assessing the suitability of a candidate, the NC will take into consideration a number of factors including but not limited to the candidate's skills, knowledge, expertise, competence and experience, time commitment, character, professionalism and integrity. For the position of independent non-executive director, the NC will evaluate the candidate's ability to discharge such responsibilities as expected from an independent nonexecutive director.

  (i)

Review of Directors proposed for re-election

In accordance with Article 84 of the Company's Constitution ("Article 84"), Directors are to be elected at every annual general meeting when one-third of the Directors longest in office shall retire, subject always to the requirement that all Directors shall retire from office once at least in each three years, and if eligible, may offer themselves for re-election.

Although the 70-year age limit for directors had been abolished under the Companies Act, 2016, directors who were appointed by the members at the last annual general meeting pursuant to Section 129 of the Companies Act, 1965 ("Section 129 CA65") to hold office until the conclusion of the next annual general meeting, are required to be re-appointed in order to continue in office. If re-appointed, these directors will then be subject to retirement by rotation in accordance with the Company's Constitution.

In June 2018, based on the results of the assessment undertaken for the financial year, the NC resolved to recommend to the Board that:-

  • Tan Sri Dato' (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping, Dato' Yeoh Seok Kian, Dato' Sri Michael Yeoh Sock Siong and Encik Faiz Bin Ishak, who are due to retire pursuant to Article 84 at the Thirty-Fifth Annual General Meeting of the Company ("AGM"), stand for re-election;

The Board, save for the members who had abstained from deliberations on their own reelection, supported the NC's views and recommends that shareholders vote in favour of the resolutions for their re-election at the forthcoming AGM.

 
  (ii)

Review of Directors proposed for continuing in office as Independent Non-Executive Directors ("INED")

As part of the annual assessment of Directors, an assessment of independence was conducted on the INED. In addition to the criteria for independence prescribed in the Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad Main Market Listing Requirements and Practice Note 13, the INED were assessed on their ability and commitment to continue to bring independent and objective judgment to board deliberations.

The Board is of the view that there are significant advantages to be gained from the INED who have served on the Board for more than 12 years as they possess greater insights and knowledge of the businesses, operations and growth strategies of the YTL Corp Group. Furthermore, the ability of a director to serve effectively as an independent director is very much a function of his calibre, qualification, experience and personal qualities, particularly of his integrity and objectivity in discharging his responsibilities in good faith in the best interest of the company and his duty to vigilantly safeguard the interests of the shareholders of the company.

The Board, save for Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu and Dato' Cheong Keap Tai who had abstained from deliberations on the matter, is satisfied with the skills, contributions and independent judgment that Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu and Dato' Cheong Keap Tai, who have served for 12 years or more, bring to the Board. For these reasons, the Board, save for Eu Peng Meng @ Leslie Eu and Dato' Cheong Keap Tai, recommends and supports the resolutions for their continuing in office as INED of the Company which will be tabled for shareholders' approval to be sought via the single-tier voting process at the forthcoming AGM.

 
(b) Annual assessment

In May 2018, the annual assessment of the effectiveness of the Board as a whole, the Board Committees and individual Directors was carried out with the objectives of assessing whether the Board and the Board Committees, as well as the Directors have effectively performed its/ their roles and fulfilled its/theirs responsibilities, and devoted sufficient time commitment to the Company's affairs; and to recommend areas for improvement. The assessment exercise was facilitated by the Company Secretary and took the form of completion of questionnaires/evaluation forms.

In evaluating the effectiveness of the Board, several areas were reviewed including the composition, degree of independence, right mix of expertise, experience and skills, quality of information and decision making, and boardroom activities. Board Committees were assessed on their composition, expertise, and whether their functions and responsibilities were effectively discharged in accordance with their respective terms of reference.

The assessment of the individual Directors covered areas such as fit and properness, contribution and performance, calibre, character/personality and time commitment and whether they have shown the will and ability to deliberate constructively, ask the right questions and confidence to stand up for a point of view.

Results of the assessment were summarised and discussed at the NC meeting held in June 2018 and reported to the Board by the NC. No evident weakness or shortcoming was identified which require mitigating measure. The Board and the Board Committees continue to operate effectively and that the performance of the Directors and the time commitment in discharging their duties as Directors of the Company for the year ended 30 June 2018 were satisfactory. These results form the basis of the NC's recommendations to the Board for the re-election of Directors at the AGM.

 
(c) Succession in Boardroom

In June 2018, the NC deliberated on the succession in the boardroom following the demise of the late Founder of YTL group, Tan Sri Dato' Seri (Dr) Yeoh Tiong Lay. The NC evaluated candidates best matched to the roles required and recommended the re-designations of Tan Sri Dato' (Dr) Francis Yeoh Sock Ping to the role of Executive Chairman from Managing Director previously, and Dato' Yeoh Seok Kian, to Managing Director, from Deputy Managing Director previously.

 
(d) Review of the NC Statement for financial year ended 30 June 2018

The NC Statement was reviewed by the NC prior to its recommendation to the Board for approval for inclusion in 2018 Annual Report.

 
(e) Review of the Evaluation Criteria in the Assessment Forms

The NC reviewed and revised the evaluation criteria in the assessment forms to ensure consistency with the requirements of the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance 2017.

POLICY ON BOARD COMPOSITION
As the Board's overriding aim is to maintain a strong and effective Board, it seeks to ensure that all appointments are made on merit, taking into account the collective balance of elements such as skills, experience, age, gender, ethnicity, background and perspective. The Board recognises the importance of encouraging and developing female talent at all levels. Currently, two or 25% of the Company's Executive Directors are women and they make up 17% of the full Board. Although it has not set any specific measurable objectives, the Board intends to continue its current approach to diversity in all aspects while at the same time seeking Board members of the highest calibre, and with the necessary strength, experience and skills to meet the needs of the Company.

 

INDUCTION, TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF DIRECTORS
Upon joining the Board, a newly appointed Director will be given an induction pack containing the Company's annual report, Constitution, and schedule of meetings of the Board and Committee (if the Director is also a Committee member) which will serve as an initial introduction to the YTL Corp Group as well as an ongoing reference.

The Board, through the NC, assesses the training needs of its Directors on an ongoing basis by determining areas that would best strengthen their contributions to the Board.

Besides the findings from the annual performance assessment of Directors, which provide the NC with useful insights into the training needs of the Directors, each Director is requested to identify appropriate training that he/she believes will enhance his/her contribution to the Board.

The Board has taken steps to ensure that its members have access to appropriate continuing education programmes. The Company Secretary facilitates the organisation of in-house development programmes and keeps Directors informed of relevant external training programmes.

During the financial year ended 30 June 2018, the following three in-house training programmes were organised for the Directors:-

  • YTL Leadership Conference 2017;
  • Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance 2017;
  • Companies Act 2016.

All the Directors have undergone training programmes during the financial year ended 30 June 2018. The conferences, seminars and training programmes attended by one or more of the Directors covered the following areas:-

 

TERMS OF REFERENCE
NOMINATING COMMITTEE ("COMMITTEE")

1. Primary Purposes
  1.1 To provide assistance to the Board of Directors ("Board") in overseeing the selection and assessment of Directors to ensure that the Board composition meets the need of YTL Corporation Berhad and its subsidiaries ("Group").
  1.2 To develop, maintain and review the criteria to be used in the recruitment process and annual assessment of Directors and the independence of Independent Directors.
  1.3 To recommend suitable candidate(s) for appointments to the Board and the Committee of the Board.
  1.4 To facilitate Board induction and training programmes.
   
2. Composition
  2.1 The Committee shall be appointed by the Board from amongst their number and shall comprise no fewer than three (3) members, all of whom must be Non-Executive directors, with a majority of them being Independent Non-Executive Directors.
  2.2 The members of the Committee shall elect a Chairman from amongst their number who shall be an Independent Non-Executive Director.
  2.3 Members of the Committee may relinquish their membership in the Committee with prior written notice to the Company Secretary and may continue to serve as directors of the Company.
  2.4 In the event that the number of members is reduced below three (3), the Board shall appoint such new members as may be required as soon as practicable provided that the composition of the Committee shall meet the criteria set out in Clause 2.1 above.
   
3. Authority
  The Committee, in carrying out its duties and responsibilities, shall in accordance with the procedure determined by the Board and at the cost of the Company:->
  3.1 have the resources which are required to perform its duties;
  3.2 have full and unrestricted access to any information pertaining to the Company and the Group;
  3.3 be able to obtain independent professional or other advice and to secure the attendance of outsiders with relevant experience and expertise if it considers this necessary; and
  3.4 have access to the advice and services of the Company Secretary.
   
4. Functions and Duties
  The Committee shall, amongst others, discharge the following functions:-
  4.1 To formulate the nomination, selection and succession policies for members of the Board.
  4.2 To recommend to the Board suitable candidates for appointments, the re-appointments/re-election of Directors to the Board and any removals, and appointment of members of Board Committee established by the Board. In making its recommendation, the Committee should consider and assess the candidates' character, skills, knowledge, expertise and experience, professionalism, integrity, competence, commitment, contribution and time to effectively discharge his/her role as a director, and in the case of candidates for the position of independent non-executive directors, to evaluate the candidates' ability to discharge such responsibility/functions as expected from independent non-executive directors.
  4.3 Review annually the overall composition of the Board in terms of the appropriate size, mix of skills, experience and other qualities of the Board, the balance between executive directors, non-executive and independent directors, and other core competencies required.
  4.4 Assess annually the effectiveness of the Board and Board Committees as well as the contribution by each individual Director and Board Committee.
  4.5 Establish a set of quantitative and qualitative performance criteria to review and evaluate the performance of each member of the Board.
  4.6 Develop criteria to assess independence for application by the Board upon admission, annually and when any new interest or relationship develops.
  4.7 Establish a policy formalising Board's approach to boardroom diversity and ensure disclosure in the Annual Report its gender diversity policies.
  4.8 Facilitate and determine board induction and continuing education programmes to be provided for the Board in areas that would best strengthen their contributions to the Board.
   
5. Meetings
  5.1 The quorum for each meeting shall be two (2) members of the Committee including the Chairman. No business shall be transacted at any meeting of the Committee unless the quorum is present. The meeting of the Committee shall be governed by the provisions of the Company's Articles of Association relating to Board meetings unless otherwise provided for in this Terms of Reference.
  5.2 A member of the Committee may participate in a meeting by means of a telephone conference or video conference or any other means of audio-visual communications and shall be deemed to be present in person at the meeting and shall be entitled to vote or counted in a quorum.
  5.3 The Committee may at its discretion and as necessary, invite any Board member or any member of the Management within the Company/Group whom the Committee thinks fit to attend its meetings to carry out the Committee's responsibilities.
  5.4 The Committee shall meet at least once a year, although additional meetings may be called at any time at the discretion of the Chairman of the Committee. An agenda shall be sent to all members of the Committee and any other persons who may be required/invited to attend.
  5.5 Notwithstanding item 5.4 above, upon the request of any member of the Committee, the Chairman of the Committee shall convene a meeting of the Committee to consider any matter which should be brought to the attention of the Board.
  5.6 Where only two (2) members are competent to vote on a question in issue and there is an equality in vote, the resolution shall be deemed not to have been passed, whereupon the question in issue shall be tabled at the next meeting of the Committee or referred to the Board, whichever is more expedient.
  5.7 The Committee may deal with matters by way of circular resolution in lieu of convening a formal meeting.
  5.8 All recommendations and findings of the Committee shall be submitted to the Board for approval.
  5.9 The Committee may establish any regulations from time to time to govern its administration.
   
6. Minutes
  6.1 The Secretary shall cause minutes to be duly entered in the books provided for the purpose of all resolutions and proceedings of all meetings of the Committee. Such minutes shall be signed by the Chairman of the meeting at which the proceedings were held or by the Chairman of the next succeeding meeting and if so signed, shall be conclusive evidence without any further proof of the facts thereon stated.
  6.2 Minutes of each meeting shall also be distributed to the members of the Committee.
  6.3 Minutes of the Committee's meetings will be made available to all Board members. A summary of significant matters and resolutions will be reported to the Board by the Committee.
  6.4 The books containing the minutes of proceedings of any meeting of the Committee shall be kept by the Company at the registered office of the Company and shall be opened to the inspection of any member of the Committee or the Board.
   
7. Secretary
  The Secretary to the Committee shall be the Company Secretary.

YTL Corporation Berhad (herein after referred to as "YTL") operates in the UK through several UK legal entities primarily across the Water and Hotel sectors. As a result of the Group's operational structures and the different divisions involved, not all UK entities are held by a single UK Holding company. Having said this, each company adopts the same philosophy and ensures that all its activities are of the highest legal and ethical standards.

This Tax Strategy for the year ended 30 June 2017 is provided in compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 16(2) and 19(2), Schedule 19 Finance Act 2016 and covers all YTL entities resident in the UK as listed in the Group's annual accounts, referred to as the "UK Group" in this policy.

YTL's attitude towards UK tax planning

The UK Group's approach to tax is fully aligned with YTL's overall objectives. The UK Group seeks to comply with the spirit and letter of UK tax legislation and claims all tax reliefs and allowances it is entitled to. The UK Group will consider reasonable tax planning opportunities which are in line with its risk appetite. As a general rule, the UK Group does not enter into complicated structures nor engages in any aggressive or artificial tax planning, as the UK Group does not believe it is the correct thing to do.

Due to the size and complexity of the UK tax system, tax is a complicated area and uncertainties will arise. Consistent with other business areas, the UK Group will seek external advice when required.

Approach to risk management and governance arrangements in relation to UK tax

The Finance Director for each member of the UK Group is ultimately responsible for the tax strategy and engages with relevant individuals across the UK Group to ensure the tax strategy is implemented and monitored. Board oversight over each member of the UK Group's tax policy is exercised by Board and the Audit Committee where one exists.

Due to the nature of the sectors YTL operates in the UK, the UK Group incurs significant capital expenditure. Consequently, obtaining tax relief on capital expenditure is a key factor affecting the UK Group. Other factors such as changes in tax legislation or changes in interpretations may also impact the amount of tax due by members of the UK Group.

The level of risk in relation to UK tax YTL is prepared to accept

The UK Group adopts a risk averse and cautious approach to tax. In addition, tax is included as part of the UK Group's risk assessment framework. The overall risk framework is monitored by members of the UK Group with regular updates provided to the relevant Board.

YTL's approach towards its dealing with HMRC

The UK Group has an open, regular and professional dialogue with all departments across HMRC. As part of its Large Business Directorate, HMRC has carried out a risk assessment for most members of the UK Group. The outcome of these risk reviews has always resulted in those entities being treated as low risk by HMRC. The UK Group is keen to maintain this low risk status in the long term.

Members of the UK Group outside of the HMRC large Business directorate have the same objective. All members of the UK Group believe that its approach to tax and early engagement with HMRC on any area of uncertainty are significant factors in maintaining this low risk rating.

Relevant members of the UK Group will also engage with HMRC on industry wide matters through its membership of industry bodies such as Water UK.

CODE OF CONDUCT & ETHICS
This Code of Conduct & Ethics sets out the acceptable practices and ethics that guide the employees of the YTL Group of Companies ("YTL Group").
 
1. Accountability
  1.1   All employees of the YTL Group are responsible for acting in accordance to the Core Values, policies and Code of Conduct of the YTL Group ("Code") and ensure compliance with the relevant laws, rules and regulations of the respective countries that the YTL Group conducts its business in.
  1.2   Any employee who violates the Code may be subjected to disciplinary action, including dismissal, depending on the facts and circumstances of each case.
  1.3   All employees of the YTL Group are obliged to exercise all reasonable care in safeguarding the YTL Group's properties and assets against any loss, damage, misuse, illegal use and/or theft and are expected to use such resources for the YTL Group's business purposes.
   
2. Responsible Corporate Citizenship
  2.1   The YTL Group conducts its businesses ethically, honestly, and in compliance with the laws and regulations of the respective countries that it conducts its businesses in.
  2.2   The YTL Group is committed to being a responsible employer and a good corporate citizen in line with our vision and values.
  2.3   All YTL Group activities including the sourcing, distribution, sale, repair and end of life treatment of products, must be conducted with respect and in consideration of issues relating to legal rights, health and safety, and the environment.
   
3. Non-Discrimination
  3.1   The YTL Group maintains a policy of non-discrimination and greatly values and respects the diversity, cultural and religious differences of its employees.
  3.2   Every employee is expected to cooperate and support the YTL Group's vision of cultivating and maintaining a work environment that is free from discrimination.
  3.3   During the hiring process, candidates will also be evaluated based on their willingness to adhere to the vision, values and overall corporate culture of the YTL Group.
   
4. Business Communications
  4.1   All employees of the YTL Group are expected to exercise due care, diligence and etiquette in all work-related communications, be it in written form, verbal or otherwise, and to ensure that the contents are clear, truthful, courteous and accurate.
  4.2   The YTL Group exercises a no tolerance policy for any communications made by its employees over the course of business and/or using YTL Group's resources that contain any material found to be discriminatory, defamatory, offensive, contains sexual connotations, pornographic, misleading and/or any other communications of a similar nature.
   
5. Conflicts of Interest
  5.1   All employees of the YTL Group are obliged to act solely in the best interests of the Group at all times.
  5.2   No employee is permitted to engage, either directly or indirectly, in any act or practice that conflicts with, or appears to conflict with, the interests of the YTL Group, even in their own time. This includes using any of the YTL Group's assets or resources, or abusing any loopholes in the YTL Group's process and procedures for personal interests and gain.
  5.3   A conflict of interest may arise where the employee has a personal relationship or financial or other interest that would or could potentially interfere with his existing obligations or exercise of judgment in decision making as an employee of the YTL Group. It is also a conflict of interests where a supervisor or a person in a position to determine the remuneration and/or promotion of a subordinate is in a personal, romantic or intimate relationship with the subordinate.
  5.4   All employees of the YTL Group are obliged to disclose and report in writing as soon as practically possible concerning all potential and real conflicts of interest, stating in detail the facts, nature and extent of the conflict. This written report should be made either to the employee's immediate supervisor(s) and/or executive director(s).
  5.5   The employee must take prompt action in eliminating the said conflict if requested to do so by the YTL Group. The YTL Group has the sole discretion in determining the nature of conflict of interests and the next steps or disciplinary action to be taken in relation to it.
  5.6   Where it is found that the employee is engaged in any activity that is in conflict of interests with the YTL Group which provides personal and monetary gain, whether directly or indirectly, particularly where it is at the expense and loss of the YTL Group, the YTL Group is entitled to claim compensation for such unlawful profiteering from the conflict of interest, which may include deduction of the employee's salary until such payments are repaid in full or legal action against the employee.
  5.7   External Board Membership:

Employees of the YTL Group are allowed to serve on the boards of government agencies or bodies and/or incorporated or unincorporated entities outside the YTL Group only under exceptional circumstances, provided that prior written approval has been obtained from the said employee's immediate supervisor or executive director. The exception to this is where such board appointments relate only to businesses or entities that were formed by non-profit organisations, such as social or community-related clubs or associations.
  5.8   Political Activities:
    a. All employees of the YTL Group have the right to participate as individuals in the political process of their local jurisdiction provided that all acts pertaining to the same are carried out entirely of the employee's own volition, in his/her own time and using his/her own resources. The employee must ensure at all times that such activities will and do not have any impact on his/her performance at the workplace.
    b. The employee must ensure that his/her political views are clearly communicated as his/her personal political views and that it is not reflective of the position adopted by the YTL Group and/or any of the companies under the YTL Group, if any.
    c. If any employee of the YTL Group has any interest or intends to hold any key position as an office bearer in any political party, this interest or intention must first be disclosed to his immediate supervisor and head of department.
    d. Any director of any company under the YTL Group who has any interest or intends to hold any key position as an office bearer in any political party must disclose such interest or intention to the executive directors of YTL Corporation Berhad.
    e. Employees of the YTL Group are not permitted to endorse any political act, activity and/or event or political donation using the YTL Group's name, reputation and/or connections.
   
6. Business Ethics
  6.1   We are determined to maintain a work environment where trust is of paramount importance.
  6.2   All YTL Group companies, and/or their employees shall refrain from offering, giving, demanding or receiving bribes and/or any other improper gratification.
  6.3   "Gratification" shall include but not be limited to pecuniary and non-pecuniary benefits such as money, donation, gift, loan, fee, reward, valuable security, property or interest in property, movable or immovable property, financial benefit, office, dignity, employment, contract of employment or services, agreement to give employment or render services in any capacity, any offer, undertaking or promise, whether conditional or unconditional, of any gratification, including favours which is of value to the recipient, forbearance which is beneficial to the recipient, and any other gratification as defined in the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009.
  6.4   Any gratifications to be given, if at all and only under circumstances which are approved by the employee's head of department or Human Resource Department, should only be a token gift either for purposes of expressing appreciation or for customary and festive purposes. Such gifts should not at any material time, be given with the intention of obtaining any favour or hopes of retaining business or undue influence for obtaining future business from the recipient of the gifts.
  6.5   "Public officials" are defined as any person who is a member, an officer, an employee or a servant of a public body.
  6.6   When dealing with public officials, employees of the YTL Group should ensure that any giving or receiving of gratification does not relate to, in any form whatsoever, the public official's official dealings or public duty. The YTL Group recognises that the practice of giving and receiving gratification varies between countries, regions, cultures, and religions, so the definitions of what is acceptable and not acceptable will inevitably differ for each. At all material times, employees are to ensure compliance with laws of their respective jurisdictions, and the higher standard will be applicable to all employees to avoid non-compliance of any laws on anti-bribery which may be applicable to the YTL Group as a whole.
  6.7   Where it is inappropriate to decline the offer of a gratification (i.e. when meeting with an individual of a certain religion/culture who may take offence), the gratification may be accepted so long as it is declared and surrendered to the employee's immediate supervisor and/or head of department, who will assess the relevant circumstances and take the necessary steps, including returning the gratification on the employee's behalf, where appropriate.
  6.8   Any gratifications given and received should always be disclosed to the employee's immediate supervisor and/or head of department, and the employee must ensure that all requisite approvals have been obtained.
  6.9   The intention behind a gratification being given and/or received should always be considered. If there is any uncertainty, the gratification should be declined where possible, failing which the employee should seek the advice of the employee's immediate supervisor and/or head of department.
  6.10   Other than as permitted above, no employee of the YTL Group is allowed to accept any gratification, including but not limited to gifts, hospitality favours, benefits or any form of advantage from third parties, unless specific approval has been given by the employee's head of department or Human Resource Department.
  6.11   Any employee that breaches any of the above rules will fall within the scope of serious misconduct and may be subjected to disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, depending on the facts and circumstances of each case.
   
7. Outside Employment
  7.1   Employees are hired on the premise that YTL is their primary employer and that any other employment or commercial involvement, even outside of working hours is strictly prohibited particularly where it conflicts with the interests of the YTL Group, unless express approval is obtained.
  7.2   Employees and managers are required to obtain written approvals from their head of department or Human Resources Department before participating in outside work activities. If you are already engaged in any outside employment, you are required to disclose and obtain approval from the Human Resource Department. Any approval given is at the sole discretion of the YTL Group and can be withdrawn at any time with or without prior notice, and the employee is required to immediately cease such outside employment, failing which the YTL Group is entitled to claim compensation for any unlawful profiteering as a result of any conflict of interest.
   
8. Insider Trading
  8.1   Any employee of the YTL Group who is in the possession of market sensitive information is prohibited from trading in the securities of the listed companies of the YTL Group or any other listed company if that information has not been made public. Foreign laws on insider trading may apply where the information concerns companies listed outside of Malaysia.
  8.2   This prohibition extends to any act of disclosing the insider information to another person, including family members and friends, if the employee knows or reasonably knows that the other person would make a trade in reliance on that information, even if the employee does not derive any direct economic benefit from the trade.
  8.3   Under the Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 ("CMSA"), an "insider" refers to a person who possess information that is not generally available and which, upon it becoming generally available, would have a material effect on the price or the value of securities.
  8.4   The scope of information is wide and includes inter alia:
    a. matters of supposition and other matters that are insufficiently definite to warrant being made known to the public;
    b. matters relating to the intentions or likely intentions of a person;
    c. matters relating to negotiations or proposals with respect to commercial dealings or dealing in security;
    d. information relating to the financial performance of the YTL Group;
    e. information that a person proposes to enter into, or has previously entered into one or more transactions or agreements in relation to securities or has prepared or proposes to issue a statement relating to such securities; and
    f. matters relating to the future.
  8.5   Employees are encouraged to consult with his or her manager or supervisor if they are uncertain of the status and nature of the information they possess.
   
9. Anti-Money Laundering
  9.1   "Money laundering" concerns the process of engaging with and/or concealing, directly or indirectly, the identity of the proceeds of illegal activities or converting the illegal proceeds to a legitimate source of income or asset.
  9.2   All employees of the YTL Group are prohibited from dealing in any money laundering activities and must comply with the applicable anti-money laundering laws.
  9.3   In the event that any employee has a reasonable suspicion of money laundering activities being conducted as part of the YTL Group's business, employees are expected to alert their immediate manager or supervision to the same.
   
10. Distribution and Group's Bulletin Boards
  10.1   Employees cannot distribute non-YTL Group related materials during their working hours and on the YTL Group's premises.
  10.2   Bulletin boards are to be used purely for the YTL Group's related announcements and related activities.
  10.3   The acts of solicitation and/or distribution of any materials relating to the sale of any goods or services unrelated to the YTL Group's business is strictly prohibited anywhere on the Group's premises.
   
11. Personal Data Protection Notice
  11.1   The YTL Group respects and is committed to the protection of employee's personal information and privacy. The Personal Data Protection Notice issued to employees explains how the YTL Group collects and handles employee information in accordance with the Malaysian Personal Data Protection Act 2010.
  11.2   All employees, particularly employees who have access to personal data of any persons, whether employees, consultants, customers, suppliers, and/or any related party whereby personal data is processed and accessed, must not unlawfully use, access and/or revise such personal data for any purpose or reason. All employees are to ensure that such personal data processed within the YTL Group is protected at all material times and in compliance with the applicable laws.
   
12. Confidential and Proprietary Information
  12.1   The YTL Group greatly values and protects all confidential and proprietary information.
  12.2   Proprietary information includes but is not limited to emails, documents and all other files, electronic or otherwise, edited and/or stored on the YTL Group equipment and are considered to be the exclusive property of the YTL Group.
  12.3   All employees of the YTL Group are expected to exercise the highest possible standards of professionalism, ethics and integrity in order to protect the Group's assets and standing and ensure the proper use of the same.
  12.4   Employees may have access to confidential and proprietary information during their employment with the YTL Group. Such information cannot be shared or utilised for personal gain or any other gain to any individual, business or third party entity, including family and friends, except where expressly approved by the relevant company under the YTL Group, required by law and/or reasonably necessary for the purposes of carrying out your duties under employment within the YTL Group. This obligation of non-disclosure is effective even after the termination of employment.
  12.5   Where such confidential and proprietary information needs to be disclosed to persons outside the YTL Group, the relevant parties are recommended to undertake all necessary measures to ensure that all confidential and/or proprietary information are sufficiently protected for instance through the execution of a non-disclosure agreement.
  12.6   The YTL Group reserves its right to take any and all appropriate action against previous or current employees who, whether directly or indirectly, breach the aforesaid obligation relating to the confidential and proprietary information of the YTL Group.
  12.7   In the event that you are unsure of what is permissible or non-permissible, you are advised to seek guidance from your head of department or the Human Resource Department.
   
13. Social Media Policy
  13.1   Employees of the YTL Group are a representative of the YTL Group at all times and are prohibited from bringing the YTL Group's (and each of the companies under the YTL Group) name and reputation into disrepute.
  13.2   All employees of the YTL Group are reminded that any messages or posts made online are presumed to be public and permanent. Online messages or posts can be copied, forwarded or subpoenaed and the original publisher will have no control over the ultimate use, distribution and/or publication of the message or post. As such, all employees are strongly encouraged to exercise discretion at all times when using and publishing on online platforms.
   
14. Press Release and Public Statements
  14.1   All queries and/or requests made by members of the third party media outlets are to be directed to the Group Company Secretary or Group Legal Counsel of YTL Corporation Berhad to ensure that a consistent and professional approach is adopted when addressing all external media queries.
  14.2   No employee of the YTL Group is permitted to make any public releases or public statements on behalf of the YTL Group, or any of the companies within the YTL Group, whether orally, in writing or otherwise, without having obtained prior written approval from their executive director.
   
15. Whistleblowing
  15.1   The Company encourages employees to raise genuine concerns, including the reporting of unlawful, unethical or questionable behaviour, in confidence and without risk of reprisal.
  15.2   The policy covers, but is not limited to:
    a. Abuse of Power;
    b. Bribery;
    c. Breach of law;
    d. Criminal Activity;
    e. Conflict of Interest;
    f. Danger to health and safety or the environment;
    g. Fraud;
    h. Overpayment to suppliers or under any contract;
    i. Miscarriage of justice;
    j. Misuse of any property belonging to the YTL Group;
    k. Negligence;
    l. Theft or embezzlement; and/or
    m. Non-compliance with YTL Group (or any company under the YTL Group) policies, including cover-up of any of the above in the workplace.
  15.3   If any employee has concerns about any of the matters set out above or that the integrity of the YTL Group is being compromised in any other way, the employee should bring this to the attention of his immediate supervisor, head of department or a Human Resource Manager.
  15.4   Employees must exercise sound judgment to avoid baseless allegations.
  15.5   Employees who intentionally file false reports will be subjected to disciplinary action and possible termination.